Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Europe compromises the easternmost peninsula in Eurasia, seperated from Asia to its east by the water divide of the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus Mountains, and the Black Sea to the Southeast.
Europe, in particular Ancient Greece, is the birthplace of western culture. It played a particular role in global affairs from the 16th century onwards, especially after the beginning of colonialism. Between the 16th and 20th century, Europeans have controlled various parts of the Americas, Africa, and Asia.